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NDBD(1)                      MySQL Database System                     NDBD(1)

       ndbd - the storage engine node process

       ndbd options

       ndbd is the process that is used to handle all the data in tables using
       the NDB Cluster storage engine. This is the process that empowers a
       data node to accomplish distributed transaction handling, node
       recovery, checkpointing to disk, online backup, and related tasks.

       In a MySQL Cluster, a set of ndbd processes cooperate in handling data.
       These processes can execute on the same computer (host) or on different
       computers. The correspondences between data nodes and Cluster hosts is
       completely configurable.

       ndbd generates a set of log files which are placed in the directory
       specified by DataDir in the config.ini configuration file.

       These log files are listed below.  node_id is the node's unique
       identifier. Note that node_id represents the node's unique identifier.
       For example, ndb_2_error.log is the error log generated by the data
       node whose node ID is 2.

       o  ndb_node_id_error.log is a file containing records of all crashes
          which the referenced ndbd process has encountered. Each record in
          this file contains a brief error string and a reference to a trace
          file for this crash. A typical entry in this file might appear as
          shown here:

          Date/Time: Saturday 30 July 2004 - 00:20:01
          Type of error: error
          Message: Internal program error (failed ndbrequire)
          Fault ID: 2341
          Problem data: DbtupFixAlloc.cpp
          Object of reference: DBTUP (Line: 173)
          ProgramName: NDB Kernel
          ProcessID: 14909
          TraceFile: ndb_2_trace.log.2
       Listings of possible ndbd exit codes and messages generated when a data
       node process shuts down prematurely can be found in [1]ndbd Error

       The last entry in the error log file is not necessarily the newest one
       (nor is it likely to be). Entries in the error log are not listed in
       chronological order; rather, they correspond to the order of the trace
       files as determined in the file (see below).
       Error log entries are thus overwritten in a cyclical and not sequential

       o  ndb_node_id_trace.log.trace_id is a trace file describing exactly
          what happened just before the error occurred. This information is
          useful for analysis by the MySQL Cluster development team.

          It is possible to configure the number of these trace files that
          will be created before old files are overwritten.  trace_id is a
          number which is incremented for each successive trace file.

       o is the file that keeps track of the next
          trace file number to be assigned.

       o  ndb_node_id_out.log is a file containing any data output by the ndbd
          process. This file is created only if ndbd is started as a daemon,
          which is the default behavior.

       o is a file containing the process ID of the ndbd
          process when started as a daemon. It also functions as a lock file
          to avoid the starting of nodes with the same identifier.

       o  ndb_node_id_signal.log is a file used only in debug versions of
          ndbd, where it is possible to trace all incoming, outgoing, and
          internal messages with their data in the ndbd process.

       It is recommended not to use a directory mounted through NFS because in
       some environments this can cause problems whereby the lock on the .pid
       file remains in effect even after the process has terminated.

       To start ndbd, it may also be necessary to specify the hostname of the
       management server and the port on which it is listening. Optionally,
       one may also specify the node ID that the process is to use.

          shell> ndbd --connect-string="nodeid=2;"

       See Section 3.4.2, "The Cluster Connectstring", for additional
       information about this issue.  Section 5.2, "Command Options for MySQL
       Cluster Processes", describes other options for ndbd.

       When ndbd starts, it actually initiates two processes. The first of
       these is called the "angel process"; its only job is to discover when
       the execution process has been completed, and then to restart the ndbd
       process if it is configured to do so. Thus, if you attempt to kill ndbd
       via the Unix kill command, it is necessary to kill both processes,
       beginning with the angel process. The preferred method of terminating
       an ndbd process is to use the management client and stop the process
       from there.

       The execution process uses one thread for reading, writing, and
       scanning data, as well as all other activities. This thread is
       implemented asynchronously so that it can easily handle thousands of
       concurrent activites. In addition, a watch-dog thread supervises the
       execution thread to make sure that it does not hang in an endless loop.
       A pool of threads handles file I/O, with each thread able to handle one
       open file. Threads can also be used for transporter connections by the
       transporters in the ndbd process. In a multi-processor system
       performing a large number of operations (including updates), the ndbd
       process can consume up to 2 CPUs if permitted to do so.

       For a machine with many CPUs it is possible to use several ndbd
       processes which belong to different node groups; however, such a
       configuration is still considered experimental and is not supported for
       MySQL 5.0 in a production setting. See Section 10, "Known Limitations
       of MySQL Cluster".

       Copyright 2007-2008 MySQL AB

       This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
       modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
       published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.

       This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
       but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
       General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
       with the program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
       51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA or see

       1. ndbd Error Messages

       For more information, please refer to the MySQL Reference Manual, which
       may already be installed locally and which is also available online at

       MySQL AB (

MySQL 5.0                         01/11/2008                           NDBD(1)

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