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STARTX(1)                                                            STARTX(1)

NAME
       startx - initialize an X session

SYNOPSIS
       startx  [  [ client ] options ... ] [ -- [ server ] [ display ] options
       ... ]

DESCRIPTION
       The startx script is a front end to  xinit  that  provides  a  somewhat
       nicer  user interface for running a single session of the X Window Sys-
       tem.  It is often run with no arguments.

       Arguments immediately following the startx command are used to start  a
       client in the same manner as xinit(1).  The special argument '--' marks
       the end of client arguments and the beginning of  server  options.   It
       may  be convenient to specify server options with startx to change on a
       per-session basis the default color depth, the server's notion  of  the
       number  of dots-per-inch the display device presents, or take advantage
       of a different server layout, as permitted by the  Xorg(1)  server  and
       specified in the xorg.conf(5) file.  Some examples of specifying server
       arguments follow; consult the manual page for your X server  to  deter-
       mine which arguments are legal.

              startx -- -depth 16

              startx -- -dpi 100

              startx -- -layout Multihead

       To  determine  the  client to run, startx first looks for a file called
       .xinitrc in the user's home directory.  If that is not found,  it  uses
       the file xinitrc in the xinit library directory.

       If  command  line client options are given, they override this behavior
       and revert to the xinit(1) behavior.  To determine the server  to  run,
       startx  first  looks  for  a  file called .xserverrc in the user's home
       directory.  If that is not found, it uses the  file  xserverrc  in  the
       xinit  library  directory.   If  command line server options are given,
       they override this behavior and revert to the xinit(1) behavior.  Users
       rarely need to provide a .xserverrc file.  See the xinit(1) manual page
       for more details on the arguments.

       The  system-wide  xinitrc  and  xserverrc  files  are  found   in   the
       /usr/lib/X11/xinit directory.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       DISPLAY                  This variable gets set to the name of the dis-
                                play to which clients  should  connect.   Note
                                that this gets set, not read.

       XAUTHORITY               This  variable,  if  not already defined, gets
                                set to $(HOME)/.Xauthority.  This is  to  pre-
                                vent  the  X  server,  if  not given the -auth
                                argument, from automatically setting up  inse-
                                cure  host-based  authentication for the local
                                host.  See  the  Xserver(1)  and  Xsecurity(7)
                                manual   pages   for  more  information  on  X
                                client/server authentication.

FILES
       $(HOME)/.xinitrc         Client to run.  Typically a shell script which
                                runs many programs in the background.

       $(HOME)/.xserverrc       Server to run.  The default is X.

       /usr/lib/X11/xinit/xinitrc
                                Client  to  run  if  the  user has no .xinitrc
                                file.

       /usr/lib/X11/xinit/xserverrc
                                Server to run if the user  has  no  .xserverrc
                                file.

SEE ALSO
       xinit(1), Xserver(1), Xorg(1)

X Version 11                      xinit 1.0.9                        STARTX(1)

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Created with the man page lookup class by Andrew Collington, php@amnuts.com