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STRERROR(3)                Linux Programmer's Manual               STRERROR(3)

       strerror, strerror_r - return string describing error number

       #include <string.h>

       char *strerror(int errnum);

       int strerror_r(int errnum, char *buf, size_t buflen);
                   /* XSI-compliant */

       char *strerror_r(int errnum, char *buf, size_t buflen);
                   /* GNU-specific */

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       The XSI-compliant version of strerror_r() is provided if:
       (_POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600) && ! _GNU_SOURCE
       Otherwise, the GNU-specific version is provided.

       The  strerror()  function  returns  a  string describing the error code
       passed in the argument errnum, possibly using the LC_MESSAGES  part  of
       the  current  locale  to  select the appropriate language.  This string
       must not be modified by the application, but may be modified by a  sub-
       sequent call to perror(3) or strerror().  No library function will mod-
       ify this string.

       The strerror_r() function is similar to strerror(), but is thread safe.
       This  function  is  available in two versions: an XSI-compliant version
       specified in POSIX.1-2001 (available since glibc 2.3.4), and a GNU-spe-
       cific  version  (available since glibc 2.0).  The XSI-compliant version
       is provided with the feature test macros settings shown in  the  SYNOP-
       SIS;  otherwise  the  GNU-specific  version is provided.  If no feature
       test  macros  are  explicitly   defined,   then   (since   glibc   2.4)
       _POSIX_SOURCE is defined by default with the value 200112L, so that the
       XSI-compliant version of strerror_r() is provided by default.

       The XSI-compliant strerror_r() is preferred for portable  applications.
       It  returns  the error string in the user-supplied buffer buf of length

       The GNU-specific strerror_r() returns a pointer to a string  containing
       the  error  message.  This may be either a pointer to a string that the
       function stores in buf, or a pointer to some (immutable) static  string
       (in which case buf is unused).  If the function stores a string in buf,
       then at most buflen bytes are stored (the string may  be  truncated  if
       buflen  is too small) and the string always includes a terminating null

       The strerror() and the GNU-specific strerror_r() functions  return  the
       appropriate error description string, or an "Unknown error nnn" message
       if the error number is unknown.

       The XSI-compliant strerror_r() function returns 0 on success; on error,
       -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.

       EINVAL The value of errnum is not a valid error number.

       ERANGE Insufficient  storage was supplied to contain the error descrip-
              tion string.

       strerror() is specified by POSIX.1-2001,  C89,  C99.   strerror_r()  is
       specified by POSIX.1-2001.

       The GNU-specific strerror_r() function is a non-standard extension.

       POSIX.1-2001  permits strerror() to set errno if the call encounters an
       error, but does not specify what value should be returned as the  func-
       tion  result  in  the  event  of an error.  On some systems, strerror()
       returns NULL if the error number is unknown.  On  other  systems,  str-
       error()  returns  a string something like "Error nnn occurred" and sets
       errno to EINVAL if the error number is unknown.

       err(3), errno(3), error(3), perror(3), strsignal(3)

       This page is part of release 3.05 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of  the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at

                                  2008-06-13                       STRERROR(3)

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